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Rare Terrytoon Draft for “Indian Pudding”

Here’s one for the historians.

Colleagues like Hans Perk have long celebrated and studied rare animators drafts (aka “dope sheets”) from Disney films. With these documents, one can trace who-animated-what in classic Disney features and shorts. Such records were also kept at Warner Bros., Fleischer and other studios (I posted a sample Fleischer draft here) but, outside of Disney, these were rarely saved or archived.

The Museum of Modern Art’s Film Study Center has some incredible Terrytoon files dating from the early 30s. From there comes this draft from one of the first (the fifth, to be exact) of Paul Terry’s sound cartoons: Indian Pudding (released April 6th, 1930). As noted on the draft below (click thumbnails to enlarge) the animation began January 10th and was finished January 28th – three weeks – and the final film was in theaters ten weeks later.

The animators here include Frank Moser, John Terry, Hugh (Jerry) Shields, Sarka (?), Cy Young and Paul Terry himself(!). Watch the film above (You Tube embed above is an edited TV print, scenes 2 & 3 are cut, with replaced front titles) and compare each shot to the draft transcribed below.

1. Frank Moser – Boy and Horse singing “Oh Susanna”
2. Frank Moser – Vulture plays Xylaphone and Skeleton
3. John Terry – Skeleton dancing
4. Frank Moser – Boy on horse.
5. John Terry – Horse enters, snake scene
6. Frank Moser – In close-up circle: snake shakes tail
7. Frank Moser – Horse and snake dance
8. Frank Moser – Indian in coal scuttle
9. Frank Moser – Boy on horse sees Indian
10. Jerry Shields – Indian whipping dog.
11. Frank Moser – In close-up circle, the boy pasts dog.
12. Sarka – Dog goes right, Indian sneaks up.
12a. John Terry – Teepee, Indian enters, Buffalo
12b. Cy Young – Goat on mountain tops.
12c. John Terry – Buffalo running, bird enters
12d. Frank Moser – Bird lands on the ground.
12e. John Terry – Indian shoots arrows.
12f. Frank Moser – arrows form tail of bird.
13. Paul Terry – Girl mouse churning
14. Cy Young – Boy on horse goes up mountain top
15. Frank Moser – closer shot – horse jumps up and down.
16. Paul Terry – Girl mouse happy, throws kiss.
17. Frank Moser – kiss hits boy on horse.
18. John Terry – In close-up circle cow plays flute
19. Frank Moser – Full scene, cows dancing.
19a. John Terry – Pig drumming.
20. John Terry – Cow plays trumpet
21. John Terry – Cows come running out of barn.
22. Frank Moser – Cows line up.
23. Frank Moser – Right dress, etc.
24. Jerry Shields – Girl with milk buckets.
25. John Terry – Indian war dance.
26. Jerry Shields – Moose on pan flies away.
27. Sarka (?) – Indians come from behind rocks
28. Frank Moser – Pans of Indians bouncing along
29. Jerry Shields – Girls sees them and runs.
30. Jerry Shields – Long shot of Indians after her.
31. John Terry – Into cabins. Also Indians.
32. John Terry – “Help!” knocks off horse – horse kicks him.
33. Frank Moser – Pan of boy sailing thro’ sky.
34. John Terry – He crashes through roof; Indians exit; fight
35. Frank Moser – close-up of fight.
36. Jerry Shields – In close-up circle: Dog takes off sweaters.
37. Frank Moser – fight continues.
38. Frank Moser – In close-up circle, dog bites Indian
39. Frank Moser – fight continues in final scene.

  • Hey these are great – it seems that Disney aren’t the only studios that type drafts – I wonder is Warner Bros. or MGM did so?

    Some how, I feel that it would good in mosaics.

  • The Scarlet Pumpernickel

    Animator drafts are always fascinating finds in themselves, but this one is a real eye-opener on who worked with Terry at this time. But if animator drafts were being made at Terry at this time, surely Terrytoons carried on with archiving animator drafts. The same goes for the Walter Lantz studio – wish I knew who animated what in the Oswalds.

  • Is it Charles Sarka? He was doing cartoons for NYC newspapers in the early 1900s. Born in Chicago. Died in 1960.

  • I looked at that and thought “how primitive, they’re using the wrong mouth shape for ‘ee'” but then I tried it and realized I could make the ‘ee’ sound with an ‘oo’ shape.

    I guess Frank Moser just didn’t know someone would write a book 20 years later that would canonize one particular shape for ‘ee’.

  • Those mouth movements don’t quite work for me, but it’s nice to see Frank Moser’s early try at lip-sync! I don’t mind seeing canonized mouth shapes re-explored.

  • Harold

    Aren’t such lists also called “route sheets”?

  • uncle wayne

    The film bring me back a fond memory of when they used to sell 16mm[s] of 30s Terrytoons at that store every George Washington’s birthday, remember? That opening (made-for-tv) theme is a very fond memory of [earrrrrly] local kid-vid!!!

  • Very interesting, Jerry!
    Frank Moser shows himself a reliable all-round animator with a reasonable sense of timing and even some weight, whereas some of the others seem to “fake” their way though the scenes.
    And it even has some scenes by Steven Hartley’s favorite, Cy Young…

    A turn-around of 18 days was not that strange, I may note: Disney’s own Arctic Antics took 22 days, around that same period: begun May 22nd, 1930, finished June 12th, delivered to the distributor on June 26th! Only in the 10 days from May 29th to June 7th were all animators working on the film simultaneously, since the productions overlapped, and scenes were just assigned to animators who had finished their previous scene. Not much character casting there, except that a few scenes were skipped to give Fergy the scene of the singing walrus.

    By the way, the term Dope Sheet has had many uses: some used it for exposure sheets, others for bar sheets, which I find more logical, as they were supposed to be the final word in scene length, placement of dialogue etc. – but I have never yet heard it used for animation drafts.

    • R. Araya

      According to most sources, “Sinkin’ in the Bathtub” was completed in almost two weeks, drawn near completely by Friz Freleng himself. Compare it to a 11 1/2 minute cartoon from nowadays made in one or two months by fifty animators

      P.S.: How long did it took to make a “Huckleberry Hound” cartoon in 1958?

  • Hans Perk – I might have it wrong, but I believe Bob Clampett told me they were called “dope sheets”. I printed one of his for THE GRUESOME TWOSOME, in my 1991 Tweety & Sylvester book (on page 63), I TAWT I TAW A PUDDY TAT.

  • Goes to show that some expressions were never standardized in their usage, and that we had better beware when we hear them being used. (Don’t get me started on the usage of the word “overlap,” being used to denote “follow through” in stead of “overlapping actions…”)

  • Bob

    Even as a TV syndication print, it was still an opportunity to watch one of the earliest TerryToons.