The latest installment in Vanity Fair’s ever-reliable series of scene breakdowns is helmed by 26-year Disney veteran Marlon West, one of the studio’s top effects animators. West, who has served as effects supervisor on the likes of The Princess and the Frog, Moana, and Frozen, pays tribute to an iconic moment from 1950s Cinderella, and its enduring influence on the studio’s artists.

The scene in question is Cinderella’s dress transformation, when the Fairy Godmother turns her torn pink garment into a resplendent ballgown. West identifies this as an example of “character effects… a moment where effects and character animation are interlinked.” He explains how Marc Davis’s character animation and George Rowley’s effects work complement one another, enhancing the magical elements of the story.

West pays close attention to Rowley’s “pixie dust” — the shimmering specks that surround Cinderella as she transforms. This has become a cornerstone of Disney’s animation: Rowley used it again in Peter Pan, and it now arcs over the castle in the studio’s ident.

The pixie dust returns in a number of recent features: The Princess and the Frog, Wreck-It Ralph, and Frozen. West explains how each film updates the dust’s appearance or subverts its meaning, and how the effect ties into the character animation. “We [as effects animators] have to be in support of [the character’s] performance,” he notes.

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